Trauma y estrés postraumático en la franja de Gaza

Gazah-bebepalestinafoto: 15 Mayo 2021. The Guardian

Cheb Khaled, el rai de Argelia

The Psychological Impact of Impending Forced Settler Disengagement in Gaza: Trauma and Posttraumatic Growth

La semana pasada precisamente estaba leyendo varios artículos sobre este asunto y me sorprendía la cantidad de ellos publicados tanto en revistas especializadas norteamericanas como israelíes (véase abajo). No todos en Israel son extremoderechistas pro-netanyahu y algunos sienten vergüenza por lo que se hace “por su bien”. Tanta prisa se han dado en vacunar a su población, modelo para países avanzados, ¿para qué? ¿para enviarlos a la guerra? Netanyahu está en horas bajas y se compra una resurrección con misiles.

Dudo que a muchos en España les interese el asunto del sufrimiento y los síntomas de estrés a largo plazo –estrés postraumático– de las víctimas de violencia terrorista, así como este mismo fenómeno sobre la población pobre, pero afortunadamente hay médicos y psicólogos que investigan y analizan el impacto que tiene sobre la salud la pobreza y las restricciones que sufren los habitantes de la franja. También, el impacto de los atentados sobre la población israelí.

El resumen de abajo data de 2008.

Abstract

The Israeli government’s decision to remove settlers in the Gaza Strip forcibly produced a situation of traumatic stress, resulting from confrontation and conflict for settlers. The authors examined the effects of the Gaza disengagement, that occurred following prolonged terrorist exposure, on rates of probable major depressive disorder (MDD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) diagnosis in a representative sample of Gaza settlers (N = 190). Predictors of probable MDD in multivariate models were being female, and experiencing greater economic and psychosocial resource loss. Predictors of probable PTSD were being older and experiencing greater psychosocial resource loss. Posttraumatic growth was significantly related to a reduction in the odds of having probable PTSD. This latter finding is interpreted within our conceptualization of action-focused growth.
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Y más análisis. De enero de 2021, publicado por el Israel Journal of Health Policy Research:

Correlates of psychological distress and self-rated health among Palestinian citizens of Israel: findings from the health and environment survey (HESPI)

algunos datos rápidos:

Results

In this review, we included about twenty-four studies from Palestine (West Bank and Gaza). Five studies relate to children, five relate to adolescents, three relate to women, three relate to physical diseases, and four relate to gender and age differences. Results show that anxiety disorders and PTSD are one of the most common mental disorders in Palestine. Anxiety and PTSD develop from a complex set of risk factors, including genetics, personality, and life events. They are mostly associated with low quality of life and disability. The results indicate that a significant proportion of Palestinian experiencing serious issues that deal with several challenges, distinct barriers including; inconsistent availability of medications, absence of multidisciplinary teamwork, insufficient specialists, fragmented mental health system, and occupation.

Conclusion (evidente: la ocupación es la principal causa de ansiedad y de otras problemas de salud mental en Palestina.)

As primary prevention, the occupation has to have considered as the main source of anxiety and other mental health disorders in Palestine. Besides, there is a need to implement a mental health care system through multidisciplinary work and raising awareness regarding the prevalence of mental disorders.